Nation well-placed to meet modern challenges
A centralized political system such as China’s may be better equipped than Western liberal democracies to meet the challenges of the 21st century, according to leading experts.
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Responding to the novel coronavirus pandemic, tackling climate change and advancing technology, along with other challenges,
require the huge mobilization of resources that a centrally planned economy working effectively and efficiently might be best able to achieve. However, this is not accomplished by standing still.
As Beijing hosts the annual two sessions, improving the operation of the governance system is high on the agenda.
A program of national governance modernization was set in place at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Communist Party of China Central Committee in October.
Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, made clear the challenge when he set out the session’s agenda.
“What we need to do now is to advance the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance in the practice of upholding and improving the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics,” he said.
Koh King Kee, president of the Centre for New Inclusive Asia, a leading Asian think tank based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, said the pandemic has brought into focus the effectiveness of government systems around the world as never before.
“The World Health Organization and many international leaders have complimented China on its achievements in combating the coronavirus. China’s centralized system has demonstrated its strength in being able to do this,” he said.
Koh believes China is right to focus on improving its government system, and the two sessions provide it with an opportunity for reassessment.
It is the perfect forum for the Chinese government to assess, review and explain its performance to its people and the world, he said.
The October plenum focused on improving governance in a number of key areas. These included streamlining operation of the government structure, continued economic reform, making governance more people-centric, ensuring a social security safety net, improving the environment, and greater effectiveness of the rule of law.
It was made clear that the Party leadership would head the delivery of necessary reforms and coordinate the work of all government bodies.
The modernization drive is directed toward meeting landmark national goals over the next 30 years.
The first of these is to eliminate all forms of extreme poverty and become a moderately prosperous society by the end of this year, in time for the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China in 2021. This is seen as China’s system achieving maturity.
By 2035, when China aims to become a global technology leader and see major environmental improvements－summed up by the term “a Beautiful China”－modernization of the system will be “basically achieved”.
Full realization will come in 2049, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, when the nation will become a “great modern socialist country”.
Source : BBC | Photocredit : Google